Current PLS News

Cosmochemist Ian Hutcheon holds a piece of the meteorite Allende, which contains some of the oldest objects in the solar system. A new mineral, hutcheonite, is named in honor of Hutcheon.

Early solar system garnet-like mineral named for Livermore cosmochemist

(August 13, 2013)

Hutcheonite, recently named after Lawrence Livermore meteorite researcher Ian Hutcheon, can be seen only with high powered scanning electron microscopes.

LLNL scientist Monica Borucki looks at cell lines used for viral propagation.

Lawrence Livermore scientists make new discoveries in the transmission of viruses between animals and humans

(August 12, 2013)

Outbreaks such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS) have afflicted people around the worl. Efforts to combat this epidemic are being spearheaded by a team of scientists, led by Monica Borucki of LLNL's Biosciences and Biotechnology Division.

The 2012 energy flow chart.

Americans continue to use more renewable energy sources

(July 18, 2013)

Americans used more natural gas, solar panels and wind turbines and less coal to generate electricity in 2012, according to the most recent U.S. energy charts released by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

AN ERT electrode band, mounted on non-conductive casing, is prepared for installation.

Livermore develops the world's deepest ERT imaging system for CO2 sequestration

(June 12, 2013)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have broken the record for tracking the movement and concentration of carbon dioxide in a geologic formation using the world's deepest Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) system.

Artist's image of human brain producing new neurons.

Weapons testing data determines brain makes new neurons into adulthood

(June 10, 2013)

Using data derived from nuclear weapons testing of the 1950s and '60s, Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that a small portion of the human brain involved in memory makes new neurons well into adulthood.

Synthesis of prebiotic hydrocarbons in impacts of simple icy mixtures on early Earth.

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

(June 5, 2013)

Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life. In fact, new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world. LLNL Nir Goldman and University of Ontario Institute of Technology colleague Isaac Tamblyn (a former LLNL postdoc) found that icy comets that crashed into Earth billions of years ago could have produced life building organic compounds, including the building blocks of proteins and nucleobases pairs of DNA and RNA.

The Great Barrier Reef in Australia already has been affected by ocean warming and acidification.

Livermore scientists develop CO2 sequestration technique that produces 'supergreen' hydrogen fuel, offsets ocean acidification

(May 27, 2013)

Lawrence Livermore scientists have discovered and demonstrated a new technique to remove and store atmospheric carbon dioxide while generating carbon-negative hydrogen and producing alkalinity, which can be used to offset ocean acidification.

Yuan Ping stands next to the target chamber in the Europa laser bay, part of the Jupiter Laser Facility.

LLNL's Yuan Ping receives DOE Early Career Research Program Award

(May 23, 2013)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) physicist Yuan Ping has been selected as a recipient of a Department of Energy Office of Science Early Career Research Program (ECRP) award. These awards provide $2.5 million over five years to support the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulate research careers in disciplines supported by the DOE Office of Science.

The reconstructed shoreline of the eastern U.S. at 3 million years ago (colors represent topography in meters).

LLNL scientist finds topography of Eastern Seaboard muddles ancient sea level changes

(May 16, 2013)

The distortion of the ancient shoreline and flooding surface of the U.S. Atlantic Coastal Plain are the direct result of fluctuations in topography in the region and could have implications on understanding long-term climate change, according to a new study.

Lawrence Livermore scientists David Jefferson and Peter Barnes.

New simulation speed record set on the Sequoia supercomputer

(April 30, 2013)

Computer scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have set a high performance computing speed record that opens the way to the scientific exploration of complex planetary-scale systems.

Methane capture in zeolite SBN.

Lawrence Livermore scientists discover new materials to capture methane

(April 16, 2013)

Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and UC Berkeley and have discovered new materials to capture methane, the second highest concentration greenhouse gas emitted into the atmosphere. Methane is a substantial driver of global climate change, contributing 30 percent of current net climate warming.

Bacillus ACT 2013 Co-Chair Paul Jackson.

International conference on anthrax scheduled in September for researchers

(April 10, 2013)

Scientists and researchers from all over the world who work on anthrax, will be heading to Victoria, British Columbia in September. "World renowned scientists studying genomics, epidemiology, ecology, cell structure and function, gene regulation, bacterial development, toxins and bacteria-host interactions of these species will present their work," said Bacillus ACT 2013 Co-Chair Paul Jackson of LLNL.

OSIRIS simulation on Sequoia of the interaction of a fast-ignition-scale laser with a dense DT plasma.

Record simulations conducted on Lawrence Livermore supercomputer

(March 19, 2013)

Researcher Frederico Fiuza, a physicist and Lawrence Fellow at LLNL, performed the simulations in order to study the interaction of ultra-powerful lasers with dense plasmas in a proposed method to produce fusion energy, the energy source that powers the sun, in a laboratory setting.

Artist's rendering of the planetary system HR 8799 at an early stage in its evolution.

Water signature in distant planet shows clues to its formation

(March 14, 2013)

A team of international scientists including a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory astrophysicist has made the most detailed examination yet of the atmosphere of a Jupiter-size like planet beyond our solar system. "This is the sharpest spectrum ever obtained of an extrasolar planet," said co-author Bruce Macintosh, an astronomer at LLNL."

Hand pump at a community well of a sampling site in Bangladesh.

It's only natural: Lawrence Livermore helps find link to arsenic-contaminated groundwater

(March 4, 2013)

Human activities are not the primary cause of arsenic found in groundwater in Bangladesh. Instead, a team of researchers, including those from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, found that the arsenic in groundwater in the region is part of a natural process that predates any recent human activity, such as intensive pumping.

PLS physicist Andris Dimits.

Physicist Andris Dimits elected 2012 APS fellow

(February 11, 2013)

Andris Dimits, a physicist in the Fusion Energy Sciences Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), has been selected as a 2012 American Physical Society (APS) fellow.

The plasma membrane of a fibroblast cell, overlaid on the corresponding secondary electron image.

New look at cell membrane reveals surprising organization

(January 28, 2013)

A new way of looking at a cell's surface reveals the distribution of small molecules in the cell membrane, changing the understanding of its organization.

An artist's conception of Earth's inner and outer core.

Oxygen to the core

(January 10, 2013)

An international collaboration including researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has discovered that the Earth's core formed under more oxidizing conditions than previously proposed.

A photograph of the instrument setup for an astrophysics experiment at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory''s Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), a powerful X-ray laser.

X-ray laser takes aim at cosmic mystery

(December 12, 2012)

An international collaboration including researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has refined a key process in understanding extreme plasmas such as those found in the sun, stars, at the rims of black holes and galaxy clusters.

The animation shows a month-by-month sequence of atmospheric temperature changes over the 396-month period from January 1979 through to December 2011.

A human-caused climate change signal emerges from the noise

(November 29, 2012)

By comparing simulations from 20 different computer models to satellite observations, Lawrence Livermore climate scientists and colleagues from 16 other organizations have found that tropospheric and stratospheric temperature changes are clearly related to human activities.

Shown is a top-down view of the LLNL-designed and built copper photomultiplier tube mounting structure, which is a key component of the LUX detector.

LLNL scientists assist in building detector to search for elusive dark matter material

(November 15, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers are making key contributions to a physics experiment that will look for one of nature's most elusive particles, "dark matter," using a tank nearly a mile underground beneath the Black Hills of South Dakota.

A graph prepared by LLNL showing US energy use for 2011.

Americans use more efficient and renewable energy technologies

(October 24, 2012)

Americans used less energy in 2011 than in the previous year due mainly to a shift to higher-efficiency energy technologies in the transportation and residential sectors. Meanwhile, less coal was used but more natural gas was consumed according to the most recent energy flow charts released by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

PLS researcher holds a piece of the nanotube fabric that repels chemical and biological agents.

New military apparel repels chemical and biological agents

(October 17, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and collaborators are developing a new military uniform material that repels chemical and biological agents using a novel carbon nanotube fabric. The material will be designed to undergo a rapid transition from a breathable state to a protective state.

Bruce Buchholz loads a sample in the accelerator.

Cold cases heat up through Lawrence Livermore approach to identifying remains

(October 10, 2012)

In an effort to identify the thousands of John/Jane Doe cold cases in the United States, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher and a team of international collaborators have found a multidisciplinary approach to identifying the remains of missing persons.

The JASPER two-stage gas gun.

100th shot for LLNL's 'gun in the desert'

(September 26, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's JASPER gas gun has fired its 100th shot. JASPER (the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research) is a key scientific tool for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Stockpile Stewardship Program.

Windmills in California.

Sufficient wind energy available to meet global demands without damaging climate

(September 7, 2012)

Though there is enough power in the earth's winds to be a primary source of near-zero emission electric power for the world, large-scale high altitude wind power generation is unlikely to substantially affect climate.

Researchers operate the Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Lawrence Livermore scientists, economic development leader garner three awards for technology transfer work

(September 6, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers and the Lab's economic development director have been tapped to receive three regional awards for technology transfer by the Federal Laboratory Consortium.

Soot particles are typically only a micron in size.

Lawrence Livermore researchers delve into airborne particulates

(June 27, 2012)

For the first time, Lawrence Livermore researchers and international collaborators have peered into the makeup of complex airborne particulate matter so small that it can be transported into human lungs – usually without a trace. The structure of micron-size particulate matter is important in a wide range of fields from toxicology to climate science (tobacco smoke and oil smoke particles are typically one micron in size).

Natalia Zaitseva, an LLNL materials scientist, leads a team of Livermore researchers that has developed the first plastic material capable of efficiently distinguishing neutrons from gamma rays.

Lawrence Livermore wins five R&D Awards for science, technological innovation

(June 20, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have won five awards for their efforts in developing breakthrough technologies with commercial potential. PLS award winners include Natalia Zaitseva, Steve Payne and Dmitri Ryutov.

This still image was taken from an artist's animation of energy escaping a black hole.

NuSTAR opens out of this world view thanks to Lab technology

(June 13, 2012)

For astrophysicist Bill Craig and his team, NASA's NuSTAR will open up a whole new world. In fact, NuSTAR will allow them to observe a new class of objects in space, called extreme objects, which have never been seen. The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (or NuSTAR), is the first focusing, high energy X-ray NASA satellite that will open the hard X-ray sky for sensitive study for the first time.

Pacific and Atlantic Ocean zonal average cross sections (surface to 700 meters) of temperature changes for 1955 to 2011. Each globe represents a decadal average

Research shows humans are primary cause of global ocean warming over past 50 years

(June 10, 2012)

The oceans have warmed in the past 50 years, but not by natural events alone. New research by a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and international collaborators shows that the observed ocean warming over the last 50 years is consistent with climate models only if the models include the impacts of observed increases in greenhouse gas during the 20th century.

Model of the electronic wake (blue surfaces) generated by an energetic proton (red sphere) traveling in an aluminum crystal (yellow spheres).

Lawrence Livermore research identifies precise measurement of radiation damage

(June 5, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have for the first time simulated and quantified the early stages of radiation damage that will occur in a given material

Names proposed for elements 114 and 116

Livermorium and Flerovium join the periodic table of elements

(May 31, 2012)
Press release

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) today officially approved new names for elements 114 and 116, the latest heavy elements to be added to the periodic table. Scientists of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)-Dubna collaboration proposed the names as Flerovium for element 114, with the symbol Fl, and Livermorium for element 116, with the symbol Lv, late last year.

Young ring-tailed lemur in densely forested area of Madagascar.

LLNL study finds current lemurs retreated to riparian environs

(May 31, 2012)

The extinction of several species of lemurs has had a profound effect on the lemurs of today. Researchers, including Livermore's Tom Guilderson and Paula Zermeno, used the Lab's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry to radiocarbon date temporal shifts in the niches of current lemur species following the extinction of eight large-bodied species.

Simulation of a possible M 7.05 Hayward Fault earthquake on the scale of the Bay Area.

Lab seismic research on display at California Academy of Sciences

(May 21, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory seismologists will be on hand at the media premiere of the California Academy of Sciences' new show, "Earthquake: Evidence of a Restless Planet." "The LLNL team is happy to have contributed data to the show and thrilled to see the results in such a stunning visual form," said Arthur Rodgers, a seismologist at LLNL. "It's also satisfying to know that many people might learn something they didn't know about earthquakes or plate tectonics through work done at LLNL."

The four Laboratory scientists Early Career Research Program award recipients are, from left: Andreas Kemp, Celine Bonfils, Gianpaolo Carosi and Jaime Marian.

Laboratory scientists win four Office of Science Early Career Research Program awards

(May 16, 2012)

Four Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have earned $10 million in funding through the Department of Energy Office of Science Early Career Research Program (ECRP).

Demonstration of ultrafast disintegration of matter by 2 keV LCLS pulses.

Graphite enters different states of matter in ultrafast experiment

(May 15, 2012)

For the first time, scientists have seen an X-ray-irradiated mineral go to two different states of matter in about 40 femtoseconds (a femtosecond is one quadrillionth of a second). Using the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory at Stanford, Stefan Hau-Riege of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and colleagues heated graphite to induce a transition from solid to liquid and to warm-dense plasma.

Different bacterial responses to ionic liquid.

Lawrence Livermore work may improve the efficiency of the biofuel production cycle

(May 14, 2012)

By deciphering the makeup of a bacterium found in the soil of a tropical rain forest, scientists may have a better understanding of how to more efficiently produce biofuels.

Monitoring of the Southern Ocean using arrays of anchored and drifting instruments reveals freshening of deep waters around Antarctica.
Photo by Steve Rintoul/CSIRO

Atmospheric warming altering ocean salinity and the water cycle

(April 26, 2012)

A clear change in salinity has been detected in the world's oceans, signaling shifts and acceleration in the global rainfall and evaporation cycle tied directly to climate change.

Dawn Shaughnessy prepares a sample for chemical analysis.

Shaughnessy inducted to Alameda County Women's Hall Of Fame

(March 28, 2012)

When it comes to heavy hitters, Dawn Shaughnessy is one of a few in a league of her own. As the group leader for experimental nuclear and radiochemistry and the principal investigator for the heavy element group at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Shaughnessy, along with her team, has discovered six new elements on the periodic table, the heaviest elements found to date.

LLNL biologist Crystal Jaing is shown loading a fluorescently-labeled viral DNA sample onto the
Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array as fellow biologist James Thissen watches.

LLNL licenses microbial detection array advance to Missouri firm

(March 22, 2012)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has licensed its microbial detection array technology to a St. Louis, Mo.-based company, MOgene LC, a supplier of DNA microarrays and instruments. Known formally as the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array (LLMDA), the technology could enable food safety professionals, law enforcement, medical professionals and others to detect within 24 hours any virus or bacteria that has been sequenced and included among the array's probes.

LLNL has established a small garden project on Rongelap Island in conjunction with the Rongelap Atoll local government. The basic aim of the garden project is to assess the uptake of nuclear fallout radionuclides such as cesium-137 and strontium-90 into non-traditional locally grown foods such as leafy green vegetables.

LLNL partners with Native American carbon researchers to help support Marshallese resettlement

(February 17, 2012)

Researchers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and a team of American Indian scientists and engineers have partnered to study the possible use of Black Earth technology, or Cpryo, to help mitigate the uptake of radiocesium in locally grown foods in the Marshall Islands.

The Vegetation Drought Response Index (VegDRI) incorporates satellite observations of vegetation to monitor at a finer spatial detail than other commonly used drought indicators. Photo courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey

Extreme summer temperatures occur more frequently

(February 15, 2012)

Extreme summer temperatures are already occurring more frequently in the United States, and will become normal by mid-century if the world continues on a business as usual schedule of emitting greenhouse gases. By analyzing observations and results obtained from climate models, a study led by Phil Duffy of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory showed that previously rare high summertime (June, July and August) temperatures are already occurring more frequently in some regions of the 48 contiguous United States.

An artist's conception of planet Kepler-22b, which orbits in a star's habitable zone -- the region around a star where liquid water, a requirement for life on Earth, could persist. The planet is 2.4 times the size of Earth.
Image courtesy of NASA

Putting the squeeze on planets outside our solar system

(February 10, 2012)

Using high-powered lasers, scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and collaborators discovered that molten magnesium silicate undergoes a phase change in the liquid state, abruptly transforming to a more dense liquid with increasing pressure. The research provides insight into planet formation.

The planet GJ 1214b, shown here in an artist's conception with two hypothetical moons, orbits a "red dwarf" star 40 light-years away from Earth.

Scientists help define structure of exoplanets

(February 1, 2012)

Using models similar to those used in weapons research, scientists may soon know more about exoplanets, those objects beyond the realm of our solar system. In a new study, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and collaborators came up with new methods for deriving and testing the equation of state (EOS) of matter in exoplanets and figured out the mass-radius and mass-pressure relations for materials relevant to planetary interiors.

A powerful X-ray laser pulse from SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory's Linac Coherent Light Source comes up from the lower-left corner  (green) and hits a neon atom (center).

Scientists create new atomic X-ray laser

(January 26, 2012)

Lab scientists and international collaborators have created the shortest, purest X-ray laser pulses ever achieved, fulfilling a 45-year-old prediction and ultimately opening the door to new medicines, devices and materials. The researchers, reporting in Nature, aimed radiation from the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), at a cell containing neon gas, setting off an avalanche of X-ray emissions to create a new "atomic X-ray laser."

Wind turbines can produce different amount of power due to different "shapes" in the wind.

Power generation is blowing in the wind

(January 17, 2012)

By looking at the stability of the atmosphere, wind farm operators could gain greater insight into the amount of power generated at any given time. Power generated by a wind turbine largely depends on the wind speed. In a wind farm in which the turbines experience the same wind speeds but different shapes, such as turbulence, to the wind profile, a turbine will produce different amounts of power.

Gravitational microlensing occurs when light from a source star is bent and focused by gravity as a second object (the lens star) passes between the source star and an observer on Earth.

Planets around stars are the rule rather than the exception

(January 11, 2012)

There are more exoplanets further away from their parent stars than originally thought, according to new astrophysics research. In a new paper appearing in the Jan. 12 edition of the journal, Nature, astrophysicist Kem Cook as part of an international collaboration, analyzed microlensing data that bridges the gap between a recent finding of planets further away from their parent stars and observations of planets extremely close to their parent star. The results point to more planetary systems resembling our solar system rather than being significantly different.

Natalia Zaitseva, an LLNL materials scientist, leads a team of Livermore researchers that has developed the first plastic material capable of efficiently distinguishing neutrons from gamma rays, something not thought possible for the past five decades or so.

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory team achieves breakthrough detecting nuclear materials

(January 11, 2012)

In a key discovery, a team of LLNL researchers has developed the first plastic material capable of efficiently distinguishing neutrons from gamma rays, something not thought possible for the past five decades or so. As a result, the new technology could assist in detecting nuclear substances such as plutonium and uranium that might be used in improvised nuclear devices by terrorists and could help in detecting neutrons in major scientific projects.

Vestas V47 machines at the Tejona Wind Farm in Costa Rica.

Lawrence Livermore ramps up wind energy research

(December 14, 2011)

As the percentage of wind energy contributing to the power grid continues to increase, the variable nature of wind can make it difficult to keep the generation and the load balanced. But recent work by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in conjunction with AWS Truepower, may help this balance through a project that alerts control room operators of wind conditions and energy forecasts so they can make well-informed scheduling decisions.

The Trident laser at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Proton beam experiments open new areas of research

(December 5, 2011)

By focusing proton beams using high-intensity lasers, a team of scientists have discovered a new way to heat material and create new states of matter in the laboratory.

Names proposed for elements 114 and 116

Names proposed for elements 114 and 116

(December 1, 2011)
Press release

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) today recommended new proposed names for elements 114 and 116, the latest heavy elements to be added to the periodic table. Scientists of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)-Dubna collaboration proposed the names as Flerovium for element 114 and Livermorium for element 116.

Researcher sections a sediment core from the ocean floor of the subtropic South Pacific near New Zealand.

Geochemist Tom Guilderson wins E.O. Lawrence Award for radiocarbon work

(November 28, 2011)

Laboratory Geochemist Tom Guilderson has been named a winner of the Department of Energy's prestigious Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award. Guilderson is being honored for ground-breaking radiocarbon measurements of corals, advancements in understanding the paleo-history of ocean currents and ocean processes revealing past climate variability, and the explanation of how physical and biogeochemical oceanic processes affect the global carbon cycle.

LLNL's Steve Homann holds a filter for an Environmental Continuous Air Monitor.

Lawrence Livermore scientists provide support for launch of the Mars Science Laboratory

(November 23, 2011)

When an Atlas V rocket lifts the Mars Science Laboratory into space, one of the most comprehensive radiological emergency preparedness systems will be on the ground to monitor the launch.

A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration weather satellite.

Separating signal and noise in climate warming

(November 16, 2011)

In order to separate human-caused global warming from the "noise" of purely natural climate fluctuations, temperature records must be at least 17 years long, according to climate scientists. To address criticism of the reliability of thermometer records of surface warming, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists analyzed satellite measurements of the temperature of the lower troposphere (the region of the atmosphere from the surface to roughly five miles above) and saw a clear signal of human-induced warming of the planet.

A graph prepared by LLNL showing US energy use for 2010.

Americans using more fossil fuels

(November 8, 2011)

American energy use went back up in 2010 compared to 2009, when consumption was at a 12-year low. The United States used more fossil fuels in 2010 than in 2009, while renewable electricity remained approximately constant, with an increase in wind power offset by a modest decline in hydroelectricity. There also was a significant increase in biomass consumption, according to the most recent energy flow charts released by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Photo of clouds forming above hills.

New tool clears the air on cloud simulations

(October 26, 2011)

Climate models have a hard time representing clouds accurately because they lack the spatial resolution necessary to accurately simulate the billowy air masses. But Livermore scientists and international collaborators have developed a new tool that will help scientists better represent the clouds observed in the sky in climate models.

Scanning electron micrograph shows splenic tissue from a monkey with inhalational anthrax.

LLNL/Loyola win NIH grant to develop new anthrax vaccine

(October 10, 2011)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, working with Loyola University, has won a $3.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to help develop a new anthrax vaccine. The grant is the first major NIH-funded biodefense grant focused on LLNL's nanolipoprotein technology, a potential breakthrough in vaccine development. Today, many vaccines are based on a single protein derived from a specific pathogen (bacterial, viral, fungal). The idea is that the body "sees" the protein as foreign and mounts an immune response to kill the invader, which keeps the body free from disease.

Avi Thomas adjusts the bioAMS instrument.

Lab receives $3 million for BioAMS instrument

(October 5, 2011)

Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory recently received $3 million from the National Institutes of Health to acquire a new biomedical accelerator mass spectrometry (bioAMS) instrument. The instrument will provide faster analysis for medical and other biological research.

Instrument used to measure scattered nuclei is pictured during installation at the Omega Laser Facility.

LLNL helps open a new era of plasma nuclear science

(September 29, 2011)

In a unique experiment recently published in Physical Review Letters, researchers used the Omega Laser Facility at the University of Rochester to make precise measurements of a fundamental nuclear process — the elastic scattering of neutrons off heavy forms of hydrogen.

This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat).

Fat turnover in obese slower than average

(September 23, 2011)

It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years, according to Bruce Buchholz of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and one of the authors of the report.

An electron micrograph image of a “crater” in an aluminum sample after it is is shocked and compressed.

Compression experiments lead to shocking results

(September 22, 2011)

Using acceleration 1 trillion times faster than a jet fighter in a maximum turn, researchers have gained new insight into dynamic compression of aluminum at ultrahigh strain rates. Controlled shock compression has been used for decades to examine the behavior of materials under extreme conditions of pressure and temperature.

Pejman Naraghi-Arani holds one of the assay chips that the Nanostring nCounter uses for detection and quantitation of RNA molecules.

LLNL researcher awarded $2.4 million from NIH

(August 18, 2011)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher Pejman Naraghi-Arani has been awarded $2.4 million by the National Institutes of Health under the Partnerships for Biodefense Program, which aims to develop various tools that can be applied to detect, mitigate the effects of or protect against a biological terrorism attack. mNaraghi-Arani and partners will use the funding to develop assays capable of detecting 35 category A, B and C viral pathogens, which include Ebola, Marburg, Dengue, Chikungunya and others.

Photo of the full moon captured July 18, 2008.

Moon and Earth may be younger than originally thought

(August 17, 2011)

New research using a technique that measures the isotopes of lead and neodymium in lunar crustal rocks shows that the moon and Earth may be millions of years younger than originally thought. The common estimate of the moon's age is as old as 4.5 billion years old (roughly the same age as the solar system) as determined by mineralogy and chemical analysis of moon rocks gathered during the Apollo missions.

At high latitudes (photo), a recent and persistent increase in winds has produced a saturation of the Southern Ocean sink for CO2.

Increased production of smelly sulfur compound in Southern Ocean tied to climate change

(June 22, 2011)

An organic compound that smells like cabbage and has been called the "smell of the sea" could be more sensitive to global climate change than commonly believed. In a recent report, a Livermore researcher, along with colleagues from Los Alamos and Oak Ridge national laboratories and the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, found through computer modeling that dimethyl sulfide (DMS) will increase significantly in certain parts of the ocean and decrease in others if the world continues with a business-as-usual fossil fuel dependency.

A diamond aerogel has been hammered out of a microscopic anvil.

New form of girl's best friend is lighter than ever

(May 17, 2011)

By combining high pressure with high temperature, Livermore researchers have created a nanocyrstalline diamond aerogel that could improve the optics for something as big as a telescope or as small as the lenses in eyeglasses. Aerogels are a class of materials that exhibit the lowest density, thermal conductivity, refractive index and sound velocity of any bulk solid.

Sofia Quaglioni, Yongqin Jiao and Peter Lindstrom have earned $7.5 million in funding through the Department of Energy Office of Science Early Career Research Program (ECRP)

Laboratory scientists win three Office of Science Early Career Research Program awards

(May 11, 2011)

Three Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have earned $7.5 million in funding through the Department of Energy Office of Science Early Career Research Program (ECRP). Early career is defined as principal investigators (PIs) who are within 10 years of receiving a Ph.D. and are either untenured assistant professors on the tenure track, untenured associate professors on the tenure track, or full-time, nonpostdoctoral, permanent DOE national laboratory employees.

Cow stricken with foot-and-mouth disease in the UK.

Foot and mouth disease may spread through shedding skin cells

(May 9, 2011)

Skin cells shed from livestock infected with foot and mouth disease could very well spread the disease. In a new paper appearing in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientist Michael Dillon proposed that virus-infected skin cells could be a source of infectious foot and mouth disease virus aerosols.

On Feb. 10, 2009, a  defunct Russian satellite, right, and a privately owned American communications satellite, left, collided near the North Pole, producing clouds of debris that quickly joined the orbital parade, increasing the possibility of future accidents.

Preventing close encounters of the orbiting kind

(April 26, 2011)

Each day, hundreds of active satellites as well as tens of thousands of pieces of "space junk" – defunct satellites, bits of booster rockets and lost astronaut tools – orbit Earth. This space junk became front page news two years ago, when a defunct Russian satellite and a privately owned American communications satellite collided near the North Pole. The incident produced clouds of debris that quickly joined the orbital junk parade, increasing the possibility of future accidents.

Normally invisible, wind wakes take shape in the clouds behind the Horns Rev offshore wind farm west of Denmark.

In the wake of the wind

(April 26, 2011)

On the Front Range within the Rocky Mountains, prevailing winds sweep eastward over the mountains smack into the National Wind Technology Center. Several wind turbines, some taller than a 40-story building, spin and hum at the site, just outside of Boulder, Colo., waiting for an experiment to start in the next month.

A snapshot taken from a first-principles molecular dynamics simulation of liquid methane in contact with a hydrogen-terminated diamond surface at high temperature and pressure. The spontaneous formation of longer hydrocarbons are readily found during the simulations.

Hydrocarbons in the deep earth

(April 14, 2011)

A new computational study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals how hydrocarbons may be formed from methane in deep Earth at extreme pressures and temperatures. The thermodynamic and kinetic properties of hydrocarbons at high pressures and temperatures are important for understanding carbon reservoirs and fluxes in Earth.

A battery-less chemical sensor relies on dynamic interactions of molecules with semiconductor nanowire surfaces that can induce electrical voltages between segments of nanowires.

Livermore researchers develop battery-less chemical detector

(April 6, 2011)

Unlike many conventional chemical detectors that require an external power source, Lawrence Livermore researchers have developed a nanosensor that relies on semiconductor nanowires, rather than traditional batteries. The device overcomes the power requirement of traditional sensors and is simple, highly sensitive and can detect various molecules quickly. Its development could be the first step in making an easily deployable chemical sensor for the battlefield.

LLNL molecular biologist Crystal Jaing will be inducted into the Alameda County Women's Hall of Fame.

LLNL microbial biologist inducted into Alameda County Women's Hall of Fame

(March 17, 2011)

One of the developers of a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory device that could assist in detecting bioterrorism attacks, diagnosing diseases and checking product safety will be honored Saturday. For her achievements, LLNL molecular biologist Crystal Jaing will be inducted into the Alameda County Women's Hall of Fame (WHOF) during the 18th annual awards ceremony.

MESSENGER readies for Mercury orbit insertion.

LLNL gamma ray spectrometer aboard spacecraft due to start orbiting around Mercury

(March 14, 2011)

When a NASA spacecraft goes into orbit around Mercury Thursday evening, a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers will be paying close attention. During 2002 and 2003, the LLNL scientists developed a germanium-based gamma ray spectrometer that has been winging its way aboard the Mercury MESSENGER (short for MErcury Surface, Space Environment, GEochemistry and Ranging) for the past six-and-half years.

Compositional X-ray image of the rim and margin of a ~4.6 billion year old calcium aluminum refractory inclusion (CAI) from the Allende carbonaceous chondrite.

Oldest objects in solar system indicate a turbulent beginning

(March 3, 2011)

Scientists have found that calcium, aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs), some of the oldest objects in the solar system, formed far away from our sun and then later fell back into the mid-plane of the solar system. The findings may lead to a greater understanding of how our solar system and possibly other solar systems formed and evolved.

Physicist Hui Chen sets up targets for the anti-matter experiment at the Jupiter laser facility.

Lab showcases energy research at annual gathering of American Association for Advancement of Science

(February 14, 2011)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory will showcase its work in energy research when the American Association for the Advancement of Science holds its annual gathering at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center. This year's theme, "Science Without Borders," integrates interdisciplinary science – both across research and teaching – that utilizes diverse approaches as well as demonstrate the diversity of its practitioners.

Photo of LLNL researcher Paul Jackson.

Combatting antibiotic resistant bacteria: it's all in the genes

(January 31, 2011)

Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have discovered a new way to combat antibiotic resistant bacteria by using the bacteria's own genes. For more than 50 years, antibiotics have been used to treat a variety of deadly infections and saved countless lives. Its broad introduction and application has changed the face of medicine worldwide.

Photo of LLNL researcher Greg Rau.

Speeding up Mother Nature's very own CO2 mitigation process

(January 19, 2011)

Using seawater and calcium to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) in a natural gas power plant's flue stream, and then pumping the resulting calcium bicarbonate in the sea, could be beneficial to the oceans' marine life.

Photo of AAAS Fellow Kennedy Reed.

Lawrence Livermore's Kennedy Reed elected AAAS fellow

(January 10, 2011)

Kennedy Reed, a physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has been awarded the distinction of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) fellow. He is being recognized for important studies in atomic theory, and for many successful efforts to increase minority participation in the physical sciences in the United States and Africa.

Ramona Vogt,Hye-Sook Park,Jon Eggert and Olgica Bakajin have been selected as 2010 fellows of the American Physical Society (APS).

Four LLNL researchers selected 2010 APS fellows

(January 5, 2011)

Less than half of a percent of the APS members are fellows. It is a distinct honor because the evaluation process, conducted by the fellowship committees of individual divisions, topical groups and forums, relies on nomination and recommendation by one's professional peers.

Representation of the HR8799 system.

Fourth planet in giant version of our solar system

(December 8, 2010)

Astronomers, including a team from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, have discovered a fourth giant planet, joining three others that, in 2008, were the subject of the first-ever pictures of a planetary system orbiting another star other than our sun.

Analyzing some arsenic-grown cells from Mono Lake.

From toxicity to life: arsenic proves to be a building block

(December 12, 2010)

Arsenic – an element that triggers death for most Earthly life forms – is actually allowing for bacterium to thrive and reproduce. A study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and led by NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey has found that a bacterium isolated from Mono Lake may substitute arsenic for phosphorus to sustain its growth.

Left, pancreatic islet from a 20-yr-old subject, at right, pancreatic islets from a 45-yr-old subject.

Research may lead to better diabetes treatment

(October 28, 2010)

Beta cells, which make insulin in the human body, do not replicate after the age of 30, indicating that clinicians may be closer to better treating diabetes. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientist Bruce Buchholz, with collaborators from the National Institutes of Health, used two methods to examine adult human beta cell turnover and longevity.

Computer simulations show that long chains containing carbon-nitrogen bonds can form during shock compression of a cometary ice.

Amino acids could be produced within impacting comets, bringing life to earth

(September 12, 2010)

Life on Earth as we know it really could be from out of this world. New research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that comets that crashed into Earth millions of years ago could have produced amino acids – the building blocks of life.

Foraminifera from the core samples, examined while at sea.

Large CO2 release speeds up ice age melting

(August 26, 2010)

Radiocarbon dating is used to determine the age of everything from ancient artifacts to prehistoric corals on the ocean bottom. But in a recent study appearing in the Aug. 26 edition of the journal, Nature, a Lawrence Livermore scientist and his colleagues used the method to trace the pathway of carbon dioxide released from the deep ocean to the atmosphere at the end of the last ice age.

Chart shows the different sources of energy and the amounts produced.

Americans using less energy, more renewables

(August 23, 2010)

Americans are using less energy overall and making more use of renewable energy resources. The United States used significantly less coal and petroleum in 2009 than in 2008, and significantly more wind power. There also was a decline in natural gas use and increases in solar, hydro and geothermal power according to the most recent energy flow charts released by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

A rendering of the LSST, a ground-based telescope.

Large Synoptic Survey Telescope deemed top priority ground-based astronomical facility

(August 17, 2010)

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), in which Lawrence Livermore plays a large role, has been ranked by a key scientific committee as the top priority for the next large ground-based astronomical facility. Upon completion, the telescope will be equipped with the world's largest digital camera, which will be used to survey the entire visible sky.

Chris Melançon is pictured with a prototype of the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP).

Lab earns two technology transfer awards in regional competition

(August 5, 2010)

A LLNL partnership that developed an environmental sampler that allows researchers to conduct biological analyses remotely in real time and a Lab technology that can detect more than 2,000 viruses and 900 bacteria in 24 hours have garnered two technology transfer awards in the Federal Laboratory Consortium's Far West Region competition.

Working with the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM).

Livermore's DTEM earns innovation award from Microscopy Today

(August 2, 2010)

An innovation that can help scientists observe a reaction moving at greater than 10 meters per second, with a few nanometers spatial resolution, is a feat some would say is nearly impossible. But not the Lawrence Livermore team of scientists who developed the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM).

X-ray energy monitor.

Highest x-ray energy used to probe materials

(July 22, 2010)

Using the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore scientists probed nitrogen gas at X-ray energies of up to 8 keV (kiloelectronvolts), the highest X-ray energy ever used at an XFEL, to see how it behaved when the laser hit it.

A xylem cell with fluorescent lignocellulose
bands as the major feature.

Drilling down to the nanometer depths of leaves for biofuels

(July 19, 2010)

By imaging the cell walls of a zinnia leaf down to the nanometer scale, energy researchers have a better idea about how to turn plants into biofuels. A team from Lawrence Livermore led by Michael Thelen, in collaboration with researchers from LBNL and the NREL, has used four different imaging techniques to systematically drill down deep into the cells of Zinnia elegans.

The diamond anvil cell is small enough to fit in the palm of one's hand, but it can compress a sample to extreme pressures.

Shocking results from diamond anvil cell experiments

(July 6, 2010)

At first, nanoshocks may seem like something to describe the millions of aftershocks of a large earthquake. But Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory physicists are using an ultra-fast laser-based technique they dubbed "nanoshocks" for something entirely different.

A graphic indicating the gas giant planets of our solar system – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune – are mostly composed of hydrogen.

Quantum simulations uncover hydrogen's phase transitions

(June 23, 2010)

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and is a major component of giant planets such as Jupiter and Saturn. But not much is known about what happens to this abundant element under high-pressure conditions when it transforms from one state to another.

Making adjustments to the dynamic transmission electron microscope.

Peering into the never before seen

(June 16, 2010)

Scientists can now peer into the inner workings of catalyst nanoparticles 3,000 times smaller than a human hair within nanoseconds. The findings point the way toward future work that could greatly improve catalyst efficiency in a variety of processes that are crucial to the world's energy security.

Two harbor seals engage in rest and relaxation.

Sea lions, harbor seals receive helping hand from LLNL science

(June 14, 2010)

Scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the Sausalito-based Marine Mammal Center are working together to diagnose several diseases that have struck California sea lions and harbor seals.

Cables from the electrodes to the surface are attached to the casing as it is lowered into the borehole.

Going underground to monitor carbon dioxide

(June 2, 2010)

A technique originally applied to monitor the flow of contaminants into shallow groundwater supplies, has been repurposed to monitor carbon dioxide pumped deep underground for storage. "We can image the CO2 plume as the fluid is injected," said geophysicist Charles Carrigan, the LLNL lead on the ERT project. "What we've seen is a movement of the plume outward from the injection well into the geologic formation used for storage."

Graphic of the bomb curve data from above ground nuclear weapons testing during the Cold War.

Putting teeth into forensic science

(May 19, 2010)

Using LLNL's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Buchholz determined that the radioactive carbon-14 produced by above-ground nuclear testing in the 1950s and 1960s remains in the dental enamel, the hardest substance in the body.

A VeriTainer Corp. employee is shown at a port where the crane is in operation.

LLNL and Veritainer Corp. sign cooperative research and development agreement

(May 12, 2010)

LLNL and VeriTainer Corporation have entered into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA). The CRADA will be used to refine and enhance VeriTainer's patented crane mounted scanning (CMS) technology.

Photo showing crops for biofuels.

Biofuel combustion chemistry more complex than petroleum-based fuels

(May 12, 2010)

Understanding the key elements of biofuel combustion is an important step toward insightful selection of next-generation alternative fuels. And that's exactly what Lawrence Livermore and Sandia national laboratories researchers intend to do.

The enzyme — carbonic anhydrase — can be used to speed up the absorption of carbon dioxide in the industrial field.

LLNL receives recovery act funding for carbon capture technology

(May 7, 2010)

New and existing coal-fired power plants could more easily capture carbon dioxide emissions with help from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers.

Views of the city of Pisco, Peru following the Aug. 15, 2007 magnitude 8.0 earthquake.

Peruvian tectonic plates move by earthquakes and non-seismic slip

(May 6, 2010)

Just a few years ago, Dan Farber happened to be doing field work in Peru with students when the 8.0 Pisco earthquake struck. Farber was asked by colleagues if he could participate in a rapid response team to map the damage of the seismic deformation and install a system of geodetic stations.

LLNL biologists are shown loading a fluorescently-labeled viral DNA sample onto the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array.

New LLNL detection technology identifies bacteria, viruses, other organisms within 24 hours

(May 5, 2010)

Law enforcement authorities seeking to detect bioterrorism attacks, doctors diagnosing diseases and regulatory agencies checking product safety may find a new ally in a LLNL detection technology.

Lisa Poyneer adjusts the mirrors used in a table top
adaptive optics system.

Engineer Lisa Poyneer inducted into Women's Hall of Fame

(April 14, 2010)

Law enforcement authorities seeking to detect bioterrorism attacks, doctors diagnosing diseases and regulatory agencies checking product safety may find a new ally in a LLNL detection technology.

The cranium of Au. sediba.

International team discovers new species of hominid

(April 8, 2010)

An international team of scientists has described a new fossil find and a new species of hominid, Australopithecus sediba, thought to be at least 2 million years old in an area of South Africa known as the Cradle of Humankind.

Lab biologist Crystal Jaing holds up a Microbial Detection Array slide developed by LLNL researchers that contains 388,000 probes.

New Livermore detection technology used by research team in analysis of eight vaccines

(April 8, 2010)

An analysis of vaccines undertaken by researchers from five institutions has found that seven of the vaccines' DNA content was pretty much as expected, but surprisingly, one also contained DNA of an apparently benign pig virus. This finding is reported in a paper written by lead author Eric Delwart of the San Francisco-based Blood Systems Research Institute and six co-authors, including three researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

Photo of three researchers taking soil core samples at Browns Island in the Delta region.

Science feature: Time's rising tide may swamp Delta marshes

(March 12, 2010)

The current rate of vertical soil formation or accretion may not be enough to keep rising marshes from being flooded in the future. These results are part of a new study by Lab scientist Tom Brown in collaboration with Judith Drexler and Christian de Fontaine of the U.S. Geological Survey. Using the radiocarbon measurement capabilities of the Lab's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Brown analyzed macrofossils in peat soil samples to determine how quickly peat has formed over the past 6,700 years.

This image shows a widely spreading coronal mass ejection.

Science feature: LLNL multilayer mirrors fly on NASA solar mission

(March 8, 2010)

LLNL multilayer mirrors fly on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. A Lab technology that originally was developed to make computer chips smaller, faster and more powerful is now being used in space to take images of the sun every 10 seconds with 10 times better resolution than high-definition television.

Corresponding false color mineral map overlaid on a montage of brightfield TEM images.

First measurement of the age of cometary material

(February 25, 2010)

Research by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and colleagues provides the first constraint on the age of cometary material from a known comet. The findings are published in the Feb. 25 edition of Science Express.

Artist's conception of the multiple planet system HR 8799.

Laboratory research team awarded AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize

(February 17, 2010)

A Laboratory researcher's paper published in November 2008 is a co-winner of this year's American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Newcomb Cleveland Prize. The paper is one of two outstanding papers published in Science from June 1, 2008 through May 31, 2009.

Photo of a forest.

Lab's 'Science on Saturday' lecture covers climate change and the carbon connection

(February 17, 2010)

It is very likely that rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere resulting from human activity are increasing global temperatures and changing the Earth's climate. Two major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide and methane, are both carbon based and participate in the global carbon cycle.

One of the two laser bays in LLNL's National Ignition Facility.

Lab-sponsored seminar on future of nuclear energy highlights annual AAAS symposium in San Diego

(February 16, 2010)

Advanced nuclear energy concepts for a safe, sustainable and carbon-free future is one of many highlighted seminars presented by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, at the 2010 conference of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Photo of oil well pump.

Lab's 'Science on Saturday' lecture examines underground storage of carbon dioxide

(February 9, 2010)

Hydrocarbon fuels almost exclusively come from underground. We burn the coal or oil to obtain energy — and for hundreds of years, we have then allowed the resulting carbon dioxide to simply enter the atmosphere.

Planets orbiting HR 8799.

'Science on Saturday' lecture explores new view of distant worlds

(February 1, 2010)

Four hundred years ago, our view of everything changed as scientists such as Galileo proved that the Earth was not the center of the universe but instead orbits around our sun. Fifteen years ago the world shifted again when the first planets were discovered orbiting other stars. Since then, more than 400 other worlds have been discovered, but almost all are invisible, seen only through their gravitational tug on their parent star.

Photo of two award-winning LLNL scientists.

Two LLNL scientists garner U.S. Dept. of Energy early career awards

(January 29, 2010)

Computer scientist Greg Bronevetsky and physicist Vsevolod Soukhanovskii of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have each won a Department of Energy Early Career Research Program award.

A NIF technician checks the target positioner, which precisely centers the target inside the target chamber before each experiment.

Initial NIF experiments meet requirements for fusion ignition

(January 28, 2010)

The first experiments at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's National Ignition Facility (NIF) have demonstrated a unique physics effect that bodes well for NIF's success in generating a self-sustaining nuclear fusion reaction.

LLNL Environmental scientist Susan Zimmerman at work in the field.

Science feature: Learning from climate's sedimental journey

(January 27, 2010)

By analyzing sediments up to 4,000 years old, Susan Zimmerman is hoping to provide a tool to help predict future climate change. Ancient records of what was happening with climate conditions can be used with regional climate models to tell a story of what happened in the past and to correlate it to the present and the future.

Time-integrated photograph of an OMEGA laser shot.

Diamond is one tough cookie

(January 26, 2010)

Most people know that diamond is one of the hardest solids on Earth, so strong that it can easily cut through glass and steel. Surprisingly, very little is known about the strength of diamond at extreme conditions. But new research by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that diamond becomes even stronger during rapid compression.

Science on Saturday logo.

LLNL delivers another super season of Saturday science lectures

(January 25, 2010)

LLNL's popular lecture series, "Science on Saturday," returns Jan. 30 and runs through Feb 27. This year's talks cover a wide range of topical subjects – conquering antibiotic resistance; using adaptive optics for out-of-this-world images; storing carbon dioxide in the earth; changing climate and the carbon cycle; and harnessing fusion energy.

Photo-illustration depicts the relationship between
aflatoxin B1, and healthy greens.

Eat your greens — they can prevent the ill-effects of toxins in foods like peanut butter

(January 22, 2010)

The age old reminder to always eat your greens isn't just for kids anymore. Not only are the vitamins and minerals good for you, but eating greens could also save your life, according to a recent study invoving scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

A side view diagram of CoLOSSIS without its outer lead shielding.

Scientists develop new CT scanner to image nuclear weapon components

(January 19, 2010)

The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has announced that it recently completed the installation and successful startup of a new surveillance diagnostic tool that is capable of detecting aging defects on critical components in the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile.

William H. Goldstein, AAAS Fellow.

PLS AD William H. Goldstein named AAAS Fellow

(December 17, 2009)

William Goldstein of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been awarded the distinction of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow. Election as a fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers. As part of the physics section, Goldstein was elected for distinguished contributions to plasma modeling and diagnostics and for leadership in support of the Department of Energy national security programs.

Porifera's Chief Technology Officer Olgica Bakajin helped create carbon nanotube technology while at the Laboratory.

LLNL licenses carbon nanotube technology for desalination to local company

(November 12, 2009)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has exclusively licensed to Porifera Inc. of Hayward a carbon nanotube technology that can be used to desalinate water and can be applied to other liquid based separations. Carbon nanotubes — special molecules made of carbon atoms in a unique arrangement — allow liquids and gases to rapidly flow through, while the tiny pore size can block larger molecules, offering a cheaper way to remove salt from water.

Three dimensional geomodel.

Funds injected into carbon sequestration effort

(October 9, 2009)

LLNL has received $3 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act dollars to capture and transport 1 million tons of carbon dioxide from Bay Area power plants and inject it more than two miles underground. Principal investigator Elizabeth Burton of the PLS Directorate said, "This project provides the Laboratory with an opportunity to test and transfer decision-making tools in support of the ARRA's objectives of greenhouse gas reduction."

Contaminant floating on water in the dissolved-air-flotation tank.

LLNL technology cleans up Visalia Superfund 100 years ahead of schedule

(September 20, 2009)

LLNL's technology was instrumental in cleaning up Southern California Edison's Visalia Pole Yard, which is scheduled to be taken off the Environmental Protection Agency's Superfund list this week. LLNL used dynamic underground stripping (DUS), a Lab-developed steam-cleaning technology that not only cleaned the site more than 100 years sooner than originally estimated, but also saved millions of dollars.

Photo of Berni Alder.

LLNL computational pioneer Berni Alder receives National Medal of Science

(September 17, 2009)

Retired lab physicist and computational pioneer Berni Alder has received the National Medal of Science. President Obama on Thursday named nine eminent researchers as recipients of the National Medal of Science, the highest honor bestowed by the United States government on scientists, engineers, and inventors. The awards will be presented Oct. 7 at a White House ceremony.