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News Releases

Researchers recently used NIF to study the interior state of giant planets.

Peering into giant planets from in and out of this world

(July 17, 2014)

Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re-created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets, such as Jupiter, Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system.

Rusty Steele, a CSD chemist, makes an adjustment to the CISR polisher.

Lawrence Livermore captures four R&D 100 awards for leading industrial inventions

(July 11, 2014)

PLS researchers, along with other Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory personnel, are the recipients of awards among the top 100 industrial inventions worldwide for 2013.

Lab scientists Nicholas Be and Jonathan Allen examine the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array.

LLNL technology detects bacterial pathogens in soldiers' combat wounds

(June 17, 2014)

A biological detection technology developed by LLNL scientists can detect bacterial pathogens in the wounds of U.S. soldiers that have previously been missed by other technologies.

Graphic depicting a cerebral aneurysm.

A tool to better screen and treat aneurysm patients

(May 29, 2014)

New research by an international consortium, including a researcher from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, may help physicians better understand the chronological development of a brain aneurysm.

Photo of Physical and Life Sciences scientist Jennifer Pett-Ridge.

Two Lawrence Livermore researchers awarded early career funding

(May 14, 2014)

Lawrence Livermore scientist Jennifer Pett-Ridge will receive funding through the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science Early Career Research Program for her research in soil microbial communities and carbon cycling in the tropics.

LLNL seismologist Stephen Myers won the E.O. Lawrence award for his work advancing national security and nonproliferation by developing seismic monitoring technologies to locate nuclear explosions.

Lawrence Livermore researchers win E.O. Lawrence Award

(April 16, 2014)

LLNL seismologist Stephen Myers was recognized for his work advancing national security and nonproliferation by developing seismic monitoring technologies to locate nuclear explosions.

Ionic liquids (molten salts) are important solvents in the microbial production of biofuels, but can inhibit microbial growth.

Lawrence Livermore scientists discover bacterial resistance to improve biofuel production

(March 26, 2014)

Resistance is not futile when it comes to a new method to more efficiently convert biomass to biofuels. New research by scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in conjunction with the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) suggests that a type of bacterial resistance may provide more efficient production of biofuels.

LLNL biologist Crystal Jaing and computer scientist Kevin McLoughlin analyze an image from the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array.

Livermore Lab's microbial detection array detects plague in ancient human remains

(March 6, 2014)

Scientists who study past pandemics, such as the 14th century Black Death that devastated much of Europe, might soon be turning to an innovative biological detection technology for some extra help.

The Earth's average surface air temperature has increased by about 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit since 1900, with much of this increase taking place since the mid-1970s, according to a new report.

Science academies explain global warming in 'plain English''

(February 28, 2014)

If emissions of greenhouse gases continue in a business-as-usual manner, future changes in climate will substantially exceed those that have occurred so far, with a warming of the Earth in the range of roughly 5 to 9 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century.

LLNL scientist Benjamin Santer and his climbing group ascend Mt. St. Helens in April 1980, about a month before its major eruption.

Volcanoes contribute to recent warming 'hiatus'

(February 23, 2014)

Volcanic eruptions in the early part of the 21st century have cooled the planet, according to a study led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This cooling partly offset the warming produced by greenhouse gases.

A massive crack runs about 18 miles across the Pine Island Glacier's floating tongue, marking the moment of creation for a new iceberg.

Current ice melt rate in Pine Island Glacier may go on for decades

(February 21, 2014)

A study of the Pine Island Glacier could provide insight into the patterns and duration of glacial melt. New research by an international team including researchers from LLNL shows that this same glacier also experienced rapid thinning about 8,000 years ago. Using LLNL's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Livermore researchers Bob Finkel and Dylan Rood reported that the melting 8,000 years ago was sustained for decades to centuries at an average rate of more than 100 centimeters per year. This is comparable to modern-day melting rates.

The NuSTAR high-energy X-ray observatory captured this image of Cassiopeia A.

NuSTAR helps untangle how stars explode

(February 19, 2014)

For the first time, an international team of astrophysicists, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists, have unraveled how stars blow up in supernova explosions.

Beam line scientist Marc Messerschmidt loads a sample holder into the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC.

New X-ray analysis method opens the door to researching an elusive class of proteins

(February 13, 2014)

An international team of researchers has demonstrated a new method for studying the structure of proteins that could lead to important advances in biology and other fields. "Our work demonstrates for the first time that two-dimensional protein X-ray crystallography is a potential method for obtaining protein structure information," said Matthias Frank, a physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

Photo of Steve Payne.

Lawrence Livermore scientist selected as SPIE Fellow

(February 6, 2014)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientist Steve Payne was recently selected as a fellow of SPIE, an international professional society for optics and photonics.

Sarah Baker examines an enzyme that LLNL chemists  plan to use as a catalyst to convert methane to liquid fuel.

LLNL partnership with Calysta works to convert natural gas to liquid fuel

(January 15, 2014)

In an effort to put to good use natural gas (methane) that might otherwise become pollution, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is collaborating with start-up company Calysta Energy on a new technology to convert natural gas to liquid fuel.

Miguel Morales is awarded a 2014 Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering (PECASE) for his research in condensed matter physics.

Lab physicist selected for Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering

(January 13, 2014)

PLS physicist Miguel Morales has been selected for a 2014 Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering (PECASE) for his leading edge research in condensed matter physics. Using advanced computational techniques such as density functional theory and quantum Monte Carlo, Morales studies materials at extreme pressure and temperature on some of the world's most powerful supercomputers.

Gemini Planet Imager's first light image of the light scattered by a disk of dust orbiting the young star HR4796A.

Out of this world first light images emerge from Gemini Planet Imager

(January 7, 2014)

After nearly a decade of development, construction and testing, the world's most advanced instrument for directly imaging and analyzing planets orbiting around other stars is pointing skyward and collecting light from distant worlds.

Ken Moody, a radiochemist from PLS, has been awarded the distinction of fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Lawrence Livermore Radiochemist Ken Moody named AAAS fellow

(December 19, 2013)

Ken Moody has been awarded the distinction of fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Election as a fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers to recognize distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications.

Living and fossilized coral are gathered from dives in the Hawaiian Islands.

Change in Pacific nitrogen content tied to climate change

(December 16, 2013)

Using deep sea corals gathered near the Hawaiian Islands, a Lawrence Livermore scientist, in collaboration with UC Santa Cruz colleagues, has determined that a long-term shift in nitrogen content in the Pacific Ocean has occurred as a result of climate change.

PLS scientists among LLNL researchers awarded a billion supercomputer core hours.

PLS scientists among LLNL researchers awarded a billion supercomputer core hours

(November 25, 2013)

As part of the Department of Energy's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program, 13 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers, including PLS members, have been awarded more than a billion core hours on two of America's fastest supercomputers dedicated to open science.

Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that observed changes in global precipitation are directly affected by human activities.

LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link

(November 11, 2013)

The rain in Spain may lie mainly on the plain, but the location and intensity of that rain is changing not only in Spain but around the globe.

PLS's Pravesh Patel selected as 2013 fellow of the American Physical Society.

Patel selected as 2013 fellow of the American Physical Society

(November 5, 2013)

Pravesh Patel of PLS is one of two LLNL scientists selected as 2013 fellows of the American Physical Society (APS).

Manmade changes such as the increased production of greenhouse gases causes the stratosphere to cool while the mid- to upper troposphere heats up.

LLNL study finds human activity affects vertical structure of atmospheric temperature

(September 17, 2013)

Human influences have directly impacted the latitude/altitude pattern of atmospheric temperature. That is the conclusion of a new report by scientists from LLNL and six other scientific institutions.

Comets contain elements which upon impact on early Earth would have yielded an abundant supply of energy to produce amino acids and jump start life.

It's a shock: Life on Earth may have come from out of this world

(September 15, 2013)

A group of international scientists including a PLS researcher have confirmed that life really could have come from out of this world.

Researchers plan to demonstrate an innovative bioenergy technology that converts wastewater treatment plant byproducts into hydrogen gas to produce electricity.

Researchers from Lawrence Livermore, Florida company plan to demonstrate bioenergy technology

(September 11, 2013)

Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Florida-based Chemergy Inc. plan to demonstrate an innovative bioenergy technology that converts wastewater treatment plant byproducts into hydrogen gas to produce electricity.

Livermore Lab biologist Crystal Jaing prepares a Microbial Detection Array slide, the primary detection technology used in an international study of bladder cancer samples.

Association between virus, bladder cancers detected using Lawrence Livermore technology

(September 10, 2013)

A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)-developed biological detection technology has been employed as part of an international collaboration that has detected a virus in bladder cancers.

Earlier PLS News Stories

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PLS Research recently reported
in LLNL's S&TR

A New Model for Pharmaceutical Research
Felice Lightstone
Key Words: adverse drug reaction (ADR), blood–brain barrier, computational chemistry, cytochrome P450 (CYP), drug development, high-performance computing (HPC), kinetic model, molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), Sequoia, Sierra, supercomputer, umbrella sampling, virtual screening.

Evidence of a Turbulent Beginning
Lars Borg
Key Words: Allende meteorite, calcium aluminum–rich inclusion (CAI), cosmochemistry, geochemistry, ion chromatography, isotope, isotopic signature, nucleosynthesis, planetary science, rapid neutron capture (r-process), solar system, type II supernova.

A Closer Look at the Rocky Underground
Rick Ryerson
Key Words: fracking, GEOS code, hydraulic fracturing, hydrofracturing, oil and gas extraction, proppants, shale gas, solver.

Particle Detection Technology with a New National Security Mission
Mike Heffner
Key Words: actinide, alpha particle, high-energy physics, fission time projection chamber (TPC), ionization track, Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), nuclear cross section, Neutron Induced Fission Fragment Tracking Experiment, plutonium.

Discerning Humanity's Imprint on Rainfall Patterns
Kate Marvel
Key Words: atmospheric circulation, climate change, Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5), drought, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP), La Niña, Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison, World Climate Research Programme.

Predicting Wind Power with Greater Accuracy
Wayne Miller
Key Words: atmospheric boundary layer, CGWind, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), electric power grid, Gaussian Process Model, Generalized Actuator Disk (GAD), HELIOS, immersed boundary method (IBM), lidar, mesoscale, sodar, supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA), turbulence, Weather Research Forecasting (WRF), wind turbine farm, wind power forecast.

Tiny But Mighty Potential Allies in the Toxic Metal Cleanup Effort
Yongqin Jiao
Key Words: bioremediation, Caulobacter crescentus, bacteria, Department of Energy (DOE) Early Career Research Program, expression profiling, gene disruption, metabolite, mutagenesis, phosphatase, phytase, toxic metal contamination, uranium, uranyl phosphate mineral.

Nuclear Fusion through a Computational Microscope
Sofia Quaglioni
Key Words: Computing Grand Challenge Program, Department of Energy (DOE) Early Career Research Award, fusion, no-core shell model (NCSM), nucleon, nucleosynthesis, quantum chromodynamics (QCD), resonating group method (RGM).

Fuel Research Provides Insights into Basic Actinide Science
Patrice Turchi
Key Words: actinide–metallic alloy, CALPHAD (calculation of phase diagram) approach, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectroscopy (CAMS), rare-earth element, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultrahigh burnup (UHBU) fission fuel.

Radiochemistry Renaissance
Dawn Shaughnessy
Key Words: actinide, activation product, carrier-free isotope, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS), crown ether, extraction chromatography, fission yield, flerovium, Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), heavy elements, high-purity germanium radiation detector, isotope, livermorium, National Ignition Facility (NIF), nuclear chemistry, nuclear forensics, radioactive decay, radiochemistry, transactinide.

In Metals, Not All Twins Are Identical
Yinmin (Morris) Wang
Key Words: coherent twin boundary (CTB), detwinning, grain boundary, high-strength metal, inverse pole figure orientation mapping (IPFOM), material property, materials science, nanotwinned metal, strain mapping, synchrotron x-ray diffraction (SXRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM).

Biological Mysteries Decoded with Radiocarbon Dating
Bruce Buchholz
Key Words: bomb-pulse radiocarbon dating, carbon-14, cataracts, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (CAMS), cold case, hippocampus, neurogenesis, scientific forensics.

DNA-Tagged Sugar Particles Simulate Aerosol Airflow Patterns
George Farquar
Key Words: air quality, DNA-tagged reagents for aerosol experiments (DNATrax), pathogen, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), R&D 100 Award.

High-speed Movies at the Nanoscale
Thomas LaGrange
Key Words: arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) cathode laser, electron pulse train, movie-mode dynamic transmission electron microscope (MM-DTEM), R&D 100 Award.

Mini-Apps Accelerate Hardware and Software Development
James Belak and David Richards
Key Words: application-driven co-design, Co-designed Molecular Dynamics (CoMD), Extreme-Scale Computing Effort, Exascale Co-design Center for Materials in Extreme Environments, high-performance computing (HPC), Mantevo Suite 1.0, mini-app, R&D 100 Award, Sequoia.

An Earthquake Exhibit with Magnitude
Arthur Rodgers
Key Words: California Academy of Sciences, earthquake, LLNL_G3D, mantle tomography, seismic wave propagation, SPECFEM3D_GLOBE, Wave Propagation Program (WPP).

A Bright Idea for Microscopy
Geoffrey Campbell
Key Words: arbitrary waveform generator (AWG), crystallization, dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM), electron pulse train, electrostatic deflector, material science, movie-mode DTEM (MM-DTEM), phase-change material (PCM), reactive multilayer foil (RMLF), stochastic blur, transmission electron microscope (TEM), ultraviolet laser.

Trapped Ions Reveal the Undetected
Nicholas Scielzo
Key Words: Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS), beta-delayed neutron emission, Californium Rare Isotope Breeder Upgrade (CARIBU), ion trap, neutrino, nuclear decay, radioactivity, spectroscopy, Standard Model.

Gravity Detector Applies Outside-the-Box Thinking to Show What's Inside the Box
Stephen Libby
Key Words: AOSense PINS (precision inertial navigation systems) gravity gradiometer, atomic interferometry, gravitational constant, gravity detection, nuclear material smuggling.